I always wonder about IGAD and how this political and economic umbrella takes different leaders with different political schemes and conspiracies against each other under its shade!
Is it diplomacy that we could understand from gathering different shades of politics under one shade?
How the leaders of the Horn of Africa agreed to form and meet continuously under this umbrella, although every one of them knows what the other leader thinks about him and his policy in the area?
For example, the other leaders in IGAD know that the military religious regime in Khartoum is a fundamental regime with concrete scheme to export terrorism to other lands in the area and according to it understanding with forged Islam plans, the regime wants to "Islamize" the political experiences of other states.
Ethiopia with its regime has ambitions to claim Eritrea back. Somalia is destroyed by the scheme of the Sudanese dictators and by the Somali composition of clans and religion. It is alreay divided with Somaliland claiming independency.
Djibouti is tiny and unable to make a decision in any big issue when it comes to contradictions.
And here exactly is where the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) comes to be weak.
Getting back to the decisions the authority made could explain how the authority has failed to address the development problems and provide the solution for the area to avoid draught.
What has happened from the first day the authority started is that nothing have been achieved to avoid continuing draught and those countries are still depending on international aids.
In addition, the political problems the leaders have prevent any development. So, what is the sort of the development they are speaking about?
In Sudan, speaking economically, as an example, how could they achieve development with all those called Islamic banks robing the national treasury of the state?
In Kenya, how could they achieve this development with all of the corruption we see that resides deep in the political system?
In Ethiopia, how could they achieve this development with all the focus on the region of Tigray?
There are so many examples that leave only Eritrea and Uganda out of this picture.
IGAD is the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, which includes Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda. You'll read more information about this authority here and on other pages.
The authority was established in 1996 by suppression for the Intergovernmental Authority on Draught and Development (IGADD) founded on 1986.
Natural disasters, famine, ecological degradation and economical deterioration hit Eastern Africa in the years between 1974 and 1984 as results of bad political systems and political unrest in most countries.
The first authority was established when all the countries except Eritrea approached the United Nations to establish the authority.
The heads of states and governments met in Djibouti in January 1986 to sign the agreement and the authority began with the headquarters located in Djibouti.
Eritrea, the red sea paradise achieved the independence and became the seventh state-member in 1993.
The Assembly of Heads of State and Government made a declaration in April 1995 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to revitalize IGADD.
On 21 March 1996, they signed the Letter of Instrument to Amend the IGADD Charter and establish the new authority. The Assembly of Heads of State and Government launched on 25 November 1996 in Djibouti.
IGAD has much functionality like the Conflict Early Warning and Response Mechanism (CEWARN), the Capacity Building Program Against Terrorism (ICPAT), the Climate Prediction and Application Centre (ICPAC), in addition to I.G.A.D Livestock Policy Initiative and I.G.A.D Livestock Market Information System.
However, in the meantime, IGAD is only an official political body that gathers the leaders of states in the Horn of Africa despite the fact that those leaders have great contradictions and therefore they are conflicting against each other.
It is only for this reason; I assume the organization is a fireball. It is not what we, the simple people in the Horn of Africa need. We have not decided to form it and we have not assigned those leaders to speak on our behalves and represent us in this gathering.
The Intergovernmental Authority on Development was born actually dead, since three leaders had wars or still have some anger towards each other.
The authority has not failed to address the serious threats of draught and the serious issues of development in the area only, but it has failed to prevent the disaster of the Ethio-Eritrean war and to address the problem of Sudan, the only country in the authority that has a coup and religious dictatorship.
Therefore, IGAD is not the ambition of the people of the Horn of Africa. There should be a public solution to this hollow channel.
Let us think together on how we could achieve a real public authority that fulfils all our ambitions to gather all the socialist people in the Horn of Africa.
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