Uganda Country Profile!
Uganda Country Profile: Information about Ugandan history, geography, population, government, economy, natural resources and human resources and political development.
Capital: Kampala is the capital city of Uganda.
Geographical area: Uganda is 241,038 sq km. it is a landlocked country in East Africa, which lies completely within the Nile basin. Lake Kyoga is a rough boundary between Bantu speakers in the south and Nilotic and Central Sudanese language speakers in the north. It belongs geopolitically to the IGAD. Uganda has borders with many countries like Sudan to the north, Kenya to the east, Democratic Republic of Congo to the west and Rwanda to the southwest and Tanzania to the south where Lake Victoria lies bordered by Kenya and Tanzania too.
Languages: Swahili and English are official. There are also many dialects like Ganda or Luganda, various Bantu and Nilotic languages plus Arabic.
Population: Ugandan population reached 32.369.558 million in 2008. Half the population of the country lives below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day.
Ethnic groups: there are many ethnic groups is Uganda including African 99%, European, Asian and Arab 1%., among which there are Baganda 16.9%, Banyakole 9.5%, Basoga 8.4%, Bakiga 6.9%, Iteso 6.4%, Langi 6.1%, Acholi 4.7%, Bagisu 4.6%, Lugbara 4.2%, Bunyoro 2.7%, other 29.6% according to 2002 census.
History brief: Uganda took its name from the Buganda kingdom. That kingdom annexed also the south of the country including the capital Kampala.
Religions: Ugandans are Christian and some of them are Muslims. The Christian are 85% (Roman Catholic 41.9%, Protestant 42%), Muslims are 12.1%, others are 3.1% and none is 0.9%.
Natural resources: Uganda has substantial natural resources including fertile soils, regular rainfall and sizable mineral deposits of copper and cobalt. There are also, limestone, phosphate oil, arable land, and hydropower. The untapped reserves are crude oil and natural gas. These are largely estimated resources. In addition, agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing over 80% of the work force with coffee accounting for the bulk of export revenues.
Climate: the climate in Uganda is tropical with two dry seasons between December-February and June-August.
Agricultural resources: Coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, sugar cane, cut flowers, vanilla, bananas, corn, cassava, potatoes, millet, pulses, fish, goat meat, milk, Nile perch, tilapia.
Industrial resources: the industrial resources in Uganda include cotton, coffee plus cement production, light consumer goods, textiles.
Currency: Ugandan shilling = 100 cents.
Exports: Uganda exports Coffee, fish, fish products, teas, tobacco, cotton, corn, beans, and sesame.
Internet domain: .ug
International dialling code: +256
Administrative areas: There are four administrative regions in Uganda. They include eighty disitricts. However, eleven new districts are created on 1 July 2006. Each district is also divided into many sub-districts, counties, sub-counties, parishes and villages.
Independence: October 9, 1962.
Constitution: the constitution was ratified in July 12, 1995 and in promulgated October 8, 1995.
Legal system: the government restored the legal system to one based on English common law and customary law in 1995; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations.
Legislatives: National Assembly with 332 seats; 215 members selected by popular vote, 104 nominated by legally established special interest groups (women 79, army 10, disabled 5, youth 5, labour 5), 13 ex officio members; serve five-year terms. Last sessions held in 23 February 2006.
Political parties: In 2006, approximately 33 parties were allowed to function including political parties that existed in 1986 when the National Resistance Movement assumed power. Those parties include now Conservative Party or CP (Ken Lukyamuzi); Democratic Party or DP (Kizito Ssebaana); Forum for Democratic Change or FDC (Kizza Besigye); Justice Forum or JEEMA (Muhammad Kibirige Mayanja); National Resistance Movement or NRM (Yoweri Museveni); People Progressive Party or PPP (Bidandi Ssali); Ugandan People's Congress or UPC (Miria Obote). A national referendum in July 2005 opened the way for Uganda’s transition t a multi-party political system.
Political pressure groups: there are the following pressure groups in Uganda: Lord's Resistance Army or LRA (Joseph Kony); Young Parliamentary Association (Henry Banyenzaki); Parliament Advocacy Forum or PAFO; National Association of Women Organizations in Uganda or NAWOU (Florence Nekyon); The Ugandan Coalition for Political Accountability to Women or COPAW.
Government: President: Yoweri Kaguta Museveni
Vice President: Gilbert Bukenya
Prime Minister: Apollo Nsibambi
Foreign Minister: Sam Kutesa
Minister of Defence: Crispus Kiyonga.
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