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Eritrea Country Profile!

This is Eritrea Country Profile. The page is old. If there are some changes to the profile of the country of Eritrea, please write them in the comments form at the bottom of the page. Thanks.

Eritrean Country Profile

Country Name: State of Eritrea. Hagere Ertra.

Form of State: Unitary State

Capital City: Asmara.

Ports: Assab & Massawa

Location: Eritrea is located in the Horn of Africa, in Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, Djibouti and Sudan. It extends over 1000 km from Ras Kassar (north) to Ras Dumiera (south) in the strait of Bab – el – mendeb bounded on the west by the Sudan, on the south by Ethiopia, on the south by Djibouti and across the sea by Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Eritrea is with an area (including the Dahlak Archipelago) of 124,324 sq. km. it consists of a high plateau and a coastal plain ranging in altitude from the highest mountain, Amba Soira (3010) to the lowest Danakil Depression 100m below sea level.

Area: 121,320 sq km.

Border Countries: Djibouti 109 km, Ethiopia 912 km, Sudan 605 km. Coast line: 2,234 km.

Climate: hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands, semiarid in western hills and lowlands.

Natural Resources: gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish.

Irrigated Land: 210 sq km

Environment: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes Ozone Layer Protection.

Population: 5,647,168 July 2009 estimate.

Ethnic Groups: Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho 3%, other 3%.

Religions: Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant.

Languages: Tigrinya, Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, other Cushitic languages.

Literacy: male: 69.9% female: 47.6%.

Independence: 24 MAY 1993. National Holiday.

Administrative Divisions: 6 regions called zobatat, for pl. zoba for sing.; Anseba, Debub (Southern), Debuawi K'eyih Bahri (Southern Red Sea), Gash Barka, Ma'akel (Central), Semenawi Keyih Bahri (Northern Red Sea). 

Legal System: is not built completely yet. Primary basis is the Ethiopian legal code of 1957 with revisions; new civil, commercial, and penal codes have not yet been promulgated; the national constitution was formerly proclaimed on May 24, 1997; government issues unilateral proclamations setting laws and policies; also relies on customary and post-independence-enacted laws and, for civil cases involving Muslims, Islamic law; does not accept compulsory International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.

Constitution: a transitional constitution decreed on 19 May 1993 was replaced by a new constitution adopted on 23 May 1997.

National Legislature: Consists of 150 seats for the National Assembly, composed of members of the only one ruling party, People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ).

President: Isaias Afewerki

Minister of Agriculture: Arefaine Berhe

Minister of Defence: General Sebhat Ephrem

Minister of Education: Semere Russom

Minister of Energy and Mines: Tesfai Ghebreselassie

Minister of Finance: Berhane Abrehe

Minister of Fisheries and Marine Resources: Ahmed Haj Ali

Minister of Freign Affairs: Osman Saleh Mohammed

Minister of Health: Saleh Meki

Minister of Information: Ali Abdu Ahmed

Minister of Justice: Fozia Hashim

Minister of Labor and Human Welfare: Askalu Menkerios

Minister of Land, Water and Environment: Woldemichael Ghebremariam

Minister of National Development: Woldai Futur

Minister of Public Works: Abraha Asfaha

Minister of Tourism: Amna Nur Husein

Minister of Trade and Industry: Gergis Teklemichael

Minister of Transport and Communications: Woldemichael Abraha.

What's Missing or Wrong on Eritrea Country Profile?

Now tell us what you think of Eritrea Country Profile. Is there anything missing? Is the information accurate and up to date? If not, please help us improve Eritrea Country Profile. Just correct any wrong information here especially in the Eritrean cabinet, as ministers always change positions, resign or dismiss.

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