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Eritrean Country Profile
Country Name: State of Eritrea. Hagere Ertra.
Form of State: Unitary State
Capital City: Asmara.
Ports: Assab & Massawa
Location: Eritrea is located in the Horn of Africa, in Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, Djibouti and Sudan. It extends over 1000 km from Ras Kassar (north) to Ras Dumiera (south) in the strait of Bab – el – mendeb bounded on the west by the Sudan, on the south by Ethiopia, on the south by Djibouti and across the sea by Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Eritrea is with an area (including the Dahlak Archipelago) of 124,324 sq. km. it consists of a high plateau and a coastal plain ranging in altitude from the highest mountain, Amba Soira (3010) to the lowest Danakil Depression 100m below sea level.
Area: 121,320 sq km.
Border Countries: Djibouti 109 km, Ethiopia 912 km, Sudan 605 km. Coast line: 2,234 km.
Climate: hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands, semiarid in western hills and lowlands.
Natural Resources: gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish.
Irrigated Land: 210 sq km
Environment: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes Ozone Layer Protection.
Population: 5,647,168 July 2009 estimate.
Ethnic Groups: Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho 3%, other 3%.
Religions: Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant.
Languages: Tigrinya, Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, other Cushitic languages.
Literacy: male: 69.9% female: 47.6%.
Independence: 24 MAY 1993. National Holiday.
Administrative Divisions: 6 regions called zobatat, for pl. zoba for sing.; Anseba, Debub (Southern), Debuawi K'eyih Bahri (Southern Red Sea), Gash Barka, Ma'akel (Central), Semenawi Keyih Bahri (Northern Red Sea).
Legal System: is not built completely yet. Primary basis is the Ethiopian legal code of 1957 with revisions; new civil, commercial, and penal codes have not yet been promulgated; the national constitution was formerly proclaimed on May 24, 1997; government issues unilateral proclamations setting laws and policies; also relies on customary and post-independence-enacted laws and, for civil cases involving Muslims, Islamic law; does not accept compulsory International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
Constitution: a transitional constitution decreed on 19 May 1993 was replaced by a new constitution adopted on 23 May 1997.
National Legislature: Consists of 150 seats for the National Assembly, composed of members of the only one ruling party, People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ).
President: Isaias Afewerki
Minister of Agriculture: Arefaine Berhe
Minister of Defence: General Sebhat Ephrem
Minister of Education: Semere Russom
Minister of Energy and Mines: Tesfai Ghebreselassie
Minister of Finance: Berhane Abrehe
Minister of Fisheries and Marine Resources: Ahmed Haj Ali
Minister of Freign Affairs: Osman Saleh Mohammed
Minister of Health: Saleh Meki
Minister of Information: Ali Abdu Ahmed
Minister of Justice: Fozia Hashim
Minister of Labor and Human Welfare: Askalu Menkerios
Minister of Land, Water and Environment: Woldemichael Ghebremariam
Minister of National Development: Woldai Futur
Minister of Public Works: Abraha Asfaha
Minister of Tourism: Amna Nur Husein
Minister of Trade and Industry: Gergis Teklemichael
Minister of Transport and Communications: Woldemichael Abraha.
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