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Djibouti Country Profile
Official country's name: République de Djibouti (in French); Jumhuriyat Jibuti (in Arabic)
Political form of state: Unitary republic; parliamentary
Capital city of state: Djibouti
Location: 11 30 N; 43 00 E; Eastern Africa vis-à-vis Gulf of Aden, on the Red Sea between Eritrea and Somalia
Area: 23,000 sq km; Land 22,980 sq km; Water ,020 sq km
Population: 496,374 (July 2007 estimation)
Growth rate: 1.984%
Ethnic groups: Somali 60%, Afar 35%, other including French, Arab, Ethiopian, Italian 5%
Languages: French and Arabic are official, Somali, Afar
Literacy: male 78%, female 58,4%
Independence: 27 June 1977 from France
Natural resources: geothermal areas; clay; diatomite; limestone; gold; granite; pumice; marble; salt; gypsum; petroleum
Border countries: Eritrea 109 km; Ethiopia 349 km; Somalia 58
Coastline: 314 km
Climate: desert, torrid, dry
Home environment: limited arable land; inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification; endangered species
International environment: party to those bodies – Ozone Layer Protection; Law of the Sea; Bio Diversity; Desertification; Climate Change; Climate Change - Kyoto; Endangered Species; Hazardous Wastes; Ship Pollution
Legal system: Based on the Code Napoléon, French based Civil Law system; traditional practices and Islamic Law. A referendum in 04 September 1992 endorsed a new constitution, which provides for a maximum of four political parties
National legislature: Assemblée nationale; 65 deputies, elected by universal suffrage; serve a five-year term. The People's Progress Assembly (RPP) called Rassemblement populaire pour le progress in French holds all sets. Union for a Presidential Majority (UMP) called Union pour la majorité présidentielle in French is in power since the elections of 2003. Ismael Omar Guelleh, president of RPP is the president in power in this coalition
Main political parties: (RPP – UMP), (RPP) spilt in May 1996, with dissident members forming the Groupe pour la démocratie et la république (GDR); National Democratic Party called Parti national démocratique (PND); Democratic Renewal Party called Parti pour le renouveau démocratique (PRD); Djibouti Development Party (PDD); People's Social Democratic Party (PPSD); Republican Alliance for Democracy (ARD); Union of Democracy and Justice (UDJ). Union for a Democratic Alternative (UAD). In November 1991, the Front pour la restauration de l'unité et de la démocratie FRUD launched an armed Afar rebellion against the government. In December 1994, the government signed a peace accord with a faction of (FRUD). This faction was legalised as a political party in March 1996
Economy overview: The economy is based on service activities according to demographics and natural resources such as the country's strategic location and status as a free trade zone in the Horn of Africa. In addition, two-third of Djibouti's population live in the capital city, the rest are nomadic herders; and rainfall limits crop production to some fruits and vegetables. Therefore, most food must be imported. Djibouti has few natural resources and little industry and agriculture. Therefore, it is heavily dependent on foreign assistance to help support its balance of payments and to finance development projects. Ethiopia represents 85% of port activities
Trafficking in Person: Djibouti is a source, transit and destination country for women and children trafficked to be exposed to sexual exploitation and forced labour
Djibouti Country Profile!
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Djibouti – The political scene after Hassan Gouled!
National consensus in Djibouti is facing a discontinuity and discontent in this tiny country.
This could possibly be the cause of the political, business and love problems there.
Djibouti is one of those states in the region administered by one party since its independence from the French on June 27, 1977. President Ismael Omer Guelleh has inherited the presidency and he was first elected to take over from his uncle Hassan Gouled Aptidon in 1999. President Gouled ruled the tiny Djibouti since its independence.
The previous president Hassan Gouled was considered spiritual father to some presidents in the Horn of Africa. Coming from the same tribal origins the recent president and the ministers are now enjoying a living in style aristocratic life while the people are very poor and the country is suffering from draughts and other political problems!
Politics, business and love problems could possibly exist on a wide country with different ethics, ethnical groups, religious and cultural backgrounds. But luckily that's not the case in Djibouti.
The country has been created by the French to be the principal base for the French Navy in the Indian Ocean and it's running, up to date under the French influence.
The people are nice. However, they are living in a comitragedy!
Starting from Djibouti Country Profile, you can move to read more about Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda through those links here.
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** Read the comment entry at hoa-politicalscene.com/djibouti-is-stable-and-frud-has-no-gains.html.
** Read the comment on this entry at Djibouti is Stable and FRUD Has No Gains - Comments.
** رئيس جيبوتي يشيد بالديكتاتور السوداني بمناسبة اِفتتاح مستشفى "عمر حسن البشير" بجيبوتي. وهكذا تقع الطيور علي اشكالها
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