The Somali Refugees Live Hard Conditions in Kenya and Elsewhere!
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More than 46,000 Somali refugees living in the Kenyan capital city of Nairobi are unregistered refugees. They face violations to their human rights, discrimination and there is no humanitarian authority to protect them from the Kenyan police harassment.
The United Nations High Commissioner of Refugees (UNHCR) says an estimated 169,000 Somalis have fled their homes in south central Somalia. Out of those numbers, 12,000 Somalis fled to Kenya and 6,500 fled to Ethiopia and 9,400 to Yemen.
When the Somali civil war began in 1987-1988, the numbers of Somalis fled to Djibouti reached 30,000 Somalis and increased to 78,000 Somalis by 2005. Many of those Somalis cross to Yemen and many of them found chances to flee to Europe and the United States.
Human Rights Watch (HRW) says 65,000 Somali refugees have sought refuge in Kenya. The human rights organization explains that hundreds of thousands Somalis face different kinds of abuses, insufficient health care and food and water shortages there.
Kenya closed its border with Somalia in 2009. However, closing of the border did not stop the flow of the Somali refugees to the country. The numbers escalated and many refugees infiltrated among the Kenyan Somalis living already there as Kenyan citizens.
The International humanitarian agency, Oxfam said in a report that time 250,000 of the Somali refugees face humanitarian emergency in serious public health crisis in the Dadaab refugee camp in northeastern Kenya. Some 50,000 Somalis out of these numbers were relocated in Kakuma camp.
However, with the absence of adequate international observation, or perhaps neglect of the matter, the Somali government and the authority in Kenya recruited hundreds of the Somali refugees in the Dadaab refugee camp and among them were children to fight al-Shabaab rebels in Somalia.
Many of the Somali refugees who live now in Eastleigh east of Nairobi are Somali urban refugees. They are vulnerable to many kinds of abuses in addition to deterioration in their health conditions.
Since there is no one to help them, many of the women with their children there sell fried local food like sambosa, then pay high tax to amend the poor infrastructure, and they may be even paying bribes to stay living there in Kenya.
Angelina Jolie during her visit to the Somali refugees during the UNHCR operation in Dadaab, Kenya!
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