African Political Refugees Confront Dangers Since 1950!
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The civil wars and ethnical conflicts in Africa forced millions of Africans to be African Refugees and African Interiorly Displaced People, IDPs.
African people began to flee their countries in Africa long time ago and thus the concept of regional refugees becomes known.
After the 1950s, people started to hear the concept of Africa Refugees as divined by the first international refugee agency after its establishment at the eve of the Second World War.
However, the concept of African Political Refugees remained unrecognized by some African countries.
Starting from that mentioned date, which marks the independence of some African countries, many African countries began to witness civil wars and ethnic conflicts that resulted in great numbers of refugees.
The European colonial powers implemented a kind of policy during the European colonization through 1885 and on and divided many tribes and clans between many countries while demarcating the borders between those African countries.
When they demarcated the borders to divine their lands of interests, they paid attention only to their colonial properties not to the African people and that was obvious.
The colonial policy resulted in conflicts in the new independent nations after the demarcation of borders in the 1950s and the 1960s.
The demarcation of the borders became the cause of the warfare. This has forced many people in turn to flee their countries in the following years as the numbers of refugees in Africa increased from 860,000 African political refugees in 1968 to 6,775,000 in 1992.
However, these numbers of refugees dropped at the end of 2004 to reach 2,748,000 refugees not including African Internally Displaced People (IDPs). Africa has 5,169,300 IDPs. Then the numbers escalated again to reach more than 3,374,494 African refugees.
As people started to flee their countries, the international organization of refugees started to take the mission of resettlement or repatriation of refugees.
Starting from 1975, about 200,000 refugees from the Western Sahara fled their land because of the liberation war with Morocco to live in camps in Tindouf in the Algerian part of the desert.
The northern Sudanese began to flee starting of 1978, during the Second military dictatorship of Jafar al Numeri
. (I was the first one to flee that time).
During the 1980s, numbers of refugees from Sudan increased after the civil war in the south and refugees fled to Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda were Southern Sudanese people.
When the borders conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia started in the late 1990s, Eritrean and Ethiopian political refugees started to flee their countries again. Read many stories told by African political refugees from Eritrea and Ethiopia at Eritrean Refugees
and Ethiopian Refugees
The numbers reached high percentage compared with the refugees that fled during the liberation war of Eritrea. See Numbers of Eritrean - Ethiopian Refugees in Sudan
for more details.
However, out of those Eri-ethio refugees, 2,000 people from Eritrea and Ethiopia fled to Israel after the border conflict to acquire residence state, but not refuge status.
In 2003, after the conflict in Darfur
, 2.5 million people fled their homes. Out of this number, hundred of thousands Fur
fled to Chad. Other 600 refugees from Darfur have gained temporary resident state but not refuge status in Israel.
In general, the number of African political refugees who fled to Israel reached 10,000 African refugees.
In 2004, the number of the Africa political refuges who fled from the Democratic Republic of Congo reached 462,203 refugees, while the country received 199,323 asylum seekers from other countries.
Starting of December 2005, Sudan became one of the largest countries of refugees. It has now the largest number of IDPs that estimated to reach 5 million.
In 2007, Israel deported 48 refugees to Egypt after they crossed the borders between the two countries and Egypt deported 20 of them back to Sudan.
Hundreds of thousands of African political refugees came from many countries in the African continent.
Those countries of origin include, Sudan with the largest number of 930,612 refugees, Burundi with 485,764 refugees, Eritrea with 462,203 Eritrean refugees, Somalia with 389,272 refugees, Liberia with 335,467 refugees, Angola with 228,838 refugees and Democratic Republic of Congo with 131,119 refugees.
Tens of thousands of African political refugees are from Rwanda with 63,808 refugees, Ethiopia with 63,105 refugees, Chad with 52,663 refugees, Sierra Leone with 41,801, Uganda with 31,963 refugees, Central Africa Republic with 31,069 refugees, Congo with 28,152 refugees, Nigeria with 23,888 refugees, Cote d'Ivoire with 23,655 refugees, Ghana with 14,767 refugees and Togo with 10,819 refugees.
Zimbabwe has 9,568 refugees, Senegal has 8,332 refugees and Cameroon has 7,629 refugees.
It is for the reason to help African political refugees from the Horn of Africa, whether they are in their homelands or in any place in the world, I started the HOA's Refugees and the HOA's Refugees Project.
However, this project extend to enable refugees from the Horn of Africa take actions to improve the political situations in their homelands by either contributing to this network without obligations or joining the USHA Framework.
It is for the reason to help African political refugees from the Horn of Africa, whether they are in their homelands or in any place in the world, I started the HOAs Refugees
and the HOAs Refugees Project
However, this project extend to enable refugees from the Horn of Africa take actions to improve the political situations in their homelands by either contributing to this network without obligations or joining the USHA Framework
Regarding this point, now here some actions to consider by taking one or more of them.