Why DRC Still Lacks Stability?
The Democratic Republic of Congo, DRC lives in continuous rebellious situations. Since the early days during the political struggle and after the fall of the national hero Patrice Lumumba, the great third country in area in Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo crossed all the rough roads to the stable future. What has gone wrong since the early days of the political struggle led by Lumumba?
Gender and Decolonization in the Congo: The Legacy of Patrice Lumumba:
Patrice Lumumba's legacy continues to fire the imagination of politicians, activists, and artists. But women have been missing from accounts of the Congo's decolonization.
What new ideals of masculinity and femininity were generated in this struggle? Were masculinist biases re-inscribed in later depictions of the martyred nationalist?
Through analysis of Lumumba's writings and speeches, the life stories of women activists, and literary and cinematic works, "Gender and Decolonization in the Congo: The Legacy of Patrice Lumumba" challenges male-centered interpretations of Congolese nationalism and illustrates how generic conventions both reinforced and undercut gender bias in representations of Lumumba and his female contemporaries.
Historical Dictionary of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, DRC:
The third edition of the "Historical Dictionary of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, DRC" looks back at the nearly 48 years of independence, over a century of colonial rule, and even earlier kingdoms and groups that shared the territory.
This is done through a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and over 800 cross-referenced dictionary entries on civil wars, mutinies, notable people, places, events, and cultural practices.
Explaining the Failure of Democracy in the Democratic Republic of Congo, DRC: Autocracy And Dissent in an Ambivalent World:
This work traces the remote origins of Congo's current national predicament and the people's protracted quest for democracy and social justice.
The first part of the book provides an account of the political history of modern Congo which sets the context for the second part, an in-depth discussion of the interplay of internal and external forces in Congo and their impact on the politics of democratic transition in the country from 1990 through early 2000s.
Arguing that recent popular resistance against political dictatorship in Congo builds on a longstanding tradition, the author offers critical analysis of post-Cold War configuration of pro-democracy forces (or the appearance thereof) inside the country and at the global level, which compelled President Mobutu to inaugurate political reform in April 1990.
Against this backdrop, the author assesses the roles played by the Sovereign National Conference (SNC), the transitional institutions established by the SNC, and the Sacred Union of opposition, all of which emerged during the early 1990s in response to the government's decision to lift the ban on partisan political activity.
The book concludes with cautious optimism about the prospects for democracy and sustainable economic development in the post-Mobutu Congo and an overview of some of the practical steps that must be taken by the Congolese people and the global community in order to realize these objectives.
The History of the Congo:
This volume offers a comprehensive history and analysis of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, DRC during the tumultuous period of 1997-2001.
The author, François Ngolet was Professor of African History at the College of Staten Island, The City University of New York and he examines here the most recent events in this turbulent region, offering a contemporary account that is both extensive and detailed.
Rebels Without a Cause - Perpetrator Perspectives on Sexual Violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo, DRC:
The level of sexual violence in the eastern DRC has received significant media attention. However, there is little knowledge on what is causing this violence. This book will contribute to this debate by offering different explanatory perspectives using secondary literature and primary data.
It is argued that some of the sexual violence at the individual level seem to be directly linked to the poor socio-economic development in the DRC. This is in combination with gender perspectives that favour men over women.
As soldiers in armed groups and in the army are often too poor to have a wife or a normal life, they re-establish their control by attacking other men's women and securing their livelihood by taking women as slaves.
At the group level, sexual violence could be seen as a weapon to exert domination over a community or a group and securing land.
At the macro level, being a security threat and committing severe human rights violations might be the only and easiest way to be a part of the bargaining table and obtaining power at the state level.
The Great African War: Congo and Regional Geopolitics, 1996-2006:
This book examines a decade-long period of instability, violence and state decay in Central Africa from 1996, when the war started, to 2006, when elections formally ended the political transition in the Democratic Republic of Congo, DRC.
A unique combination of circumstances explain the unravelling of the conflicts:
the collapsed Zairian / Congolese state;
the continuation of the Rwandan civil war across borders;
the shifting alliances in the region;
the politics of identity in Rwanda, Burundi and eastern DRC;
the ineptitude of the international community;
and the emergence of privatized and criminalized public spaces and economies, linked to the global economy, but largely disconnected from the state - on whose territory the "entrepreneurs of insecurity" function.
As a complement to the existing literature, this book seeks to provide an in-depth analysis of concurrent developments in Zaire / DRC, Rwanda, Burundi and Uganda in African and international contexts.
By adopting a non-chronological approach, it attempts to show the dynamics of the inter-relationships between these realms and offers a toolkit for understanding the past and future of Central Africa.
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