The Political Situations in Sudan, June 2011!
Kyung-wha Kang, UN Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights
The UN Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights, Kyung-wha Kang pointed out some vital contradictory facts on her press statement in Khartoum on Monday 27 June 2011, after her trips in some parts of the conflicted areas in Sudan.
She visited South Sudan, Darfur, Abyei and Turalei during her mission to Sudan. She described Sudan in her statement as "vast beautiful country"; a description that not all the parties in the political conflicts in Sudan see to realize the situation and treat it well to keep this country vast and beautiful.
The first contradictory fact appears at the top of her statement when she said "I come away with at least one common theme from the four areas I have visited: the hope and aspiration of all Sudanese people for a better future. Whether in the North, South, or Darfur, their desire for peace and fulfilment of their fundamental rights to freedom from want and freedom from fear was both palpable and pervasive."
This vision conflicts with the facts on the ground, as both of the dictatorial ruling party and the rebels continue the conflict in those areas and the wars between them continued even during her visit.
Therefore, it is obvious that the hopes and aspirations for better future are not common sincere desires of all the parties of the conflicts. Some of the revolting groups have these hopes, but obviously not the dictatorial ruling party.
The ruling party continues the conspiracy against the unity of this "vast and beautiful country", by waging direct wars, buying mercenaries from the rebels and using them against their groups and draws mockery smiles, when meeting international delegations or representatives.
The second vital contradictory fact is in the south. In spite of the hopes and the enthusiasm that follow the preparation for the new state in southern Sudan, as she pointed out in her press statement, there is insecurity, injustice, political isolation to dissidents and gender discrimination.
"During my visit, I heard alarming reports of numerous killings, arbitrary arrests and prolonged pre-trial detention in Southern Sudan. The large number of civilians killed in Southern Sudan so far this year is simply unacceptable. In particular, the lack of accountability to date on abuses, including rape and torture of trainees,
committed last year inside the Rajaf Police Training Centre is of concern."
She wished that the government in the southern Sudan did well to treat this clear crimes and to solve the injustice in the south. "I trust that the Government of South Sudan will soon make public the findings of its investigation into this matter and will use this case as an example to promote accountability more broadly among state agents in all sectors."
However, nothing guarantees that the confidence she gave to the government could be worth something.
The third vital contradictory fact is in Abyei and the areas that they call the transitional areas, as the inhabitants have fled their damaged homes. "The utter devastation I saw in Abyei was a chilling warning of what might become of the border area. Some tukuls, (simple thatch-roofed houses) were still smoldering during my brief visit there, and looters still roamed among the ruins in the presence of the Sudanese Armed Forces. All the civilians are gone."
This is apparently not a third andiron. The armed forces of the dictatorial regime in the area and the militias are signs of wars, followed the warnings of the leader of the regime in his public speeches and the indication of the continuous desire of the regime to burn the area. The strong indication is that there is no any real ceasefire in the ground.
Here comes the appeal of the international envoy. "I urge all parties to agree to a ceasefire and make protection of civilians a priority. The displaced on both sides of the border need humanitarian assistance where they are, as well as accurate information allowing them to decide if and when they should return to their homes. The Governments in the North and South must do their utmost to facilitate access for humanitarian actors to assist those in needs and for human rights officers to speak with victims."
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