Ethiopia's Political Scene!
In Ethiopia's Political Scene, we have an interesting outcome! There are wide and open political perspectives in Ethiopia.
However, instead of that, the open and wide perspectives open an area of good political understanding; they open the wrong doors to political clashes.
Political eruptions marked long historical period in Ethiopia, where bloody clashes between clans, kings and emperors dawdled fellowship's ties between the Ethiopian people! Many tribes in Ethiopia have taken by force to build the empire.
The centralism in policy devastated the Ethiopian people and annexed many people like the Somalis and the Eritrean to Ethiopia.
As Ethiopia was a closed land in the hurts of the Habasha heights, kings and emperors sought annexing lands with passages to the sea. Through history of wars and great pains, many people on the area survived the Ethiopian locust invasions. It is always bad when it comes to politics, nevertheless, how much good the people are.
Ethiopia fell under the Italian colonial rule after the Italian occupation in 1936-41 during the Second World War. Before that period, the political struggle in Ethiopia since 1914 ended with a conspiracy that led Haile Selassie to be emperor in 1930.
The military junta, the Derg took over power in 1974 after a period of hard political struggles led by socialists and revolutionist Ethiopian students. The Derg tumbled Haile Selassie and ruled the country from 1974 to 1991.
Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) defeated that false called socialist system with strong cooperation with the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF).
The Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) has evolved from the coalition of armed groups that seized power in 1991. It includes the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) and the Amhara National Democratic Movement (ANDM), formerly called the Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement.
The Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) withdrew from the transitional government in 1992 and was subsequently banned that time.
They adopted the constitution in 1994 and held the Ethiopian first multiparty elections in 1995. Several urban opposition parties boycotted the elections in 1995. The elections were said to be corrupted by the regime and demonstrations have gone wild. The government faced demonstrations aggressively and detained several people.
While the Ethiopian human rights file deteriorates, the government launched wars against their allies in Eritrea, on a border dispute in 1996-1998. The wars ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. The Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission remotely demarcated the border by geographical coordinate in 2007. The final demarcation of the boundary on the ground is on hold currently because of Ethiopia objection to an international commission's finding requiring it to surrender territory considered sensitive to Ethiopia.
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