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May 31, 2009
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The Problem in Darfur is Not Tribal!
by: Khalid Osman

Once more again, the problem in Darfur is not tribal. They wanted it to be and they want to create it as a tribal problem.

The article is here at Nytimes is useful. However, the writer builds also on wrong facts, wrong estimation to numbers, and wrong names. The people are Fur. There is nothing called Darfuri. The tribes involved in the case are not only Fur. There are many African tribes from both Sudan and Chad and long-time immigrants from other countries from deep West Africa involved in the case.

Unfortunately, there are no Arabs from the Arab countries involved in the case unless the media wants to say those Sudanese are pure Arabs! This is the political orientation of those military and religious dictators of Sudan. Sudanese people have not even decided to join the Arab League. Of course, there are some tribes in Sudan that claim to be pure Arabs. However, the race is not clearly present in such case.

We are saying for a long time the problem is not in Darfur only. There are well known political problems we call in the opposition, the political problems of the marginal regions of Sudan. This political problem is created by military religious dictators and civil dictators who thing they are real Muslims and pure Arabs. It is complicated in our Sudanese world to the standard that, foreigners cannot see those differences. I actually do not rely on the media very much in such cases. Some media sources as you know are biased.

May 12, 2009
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Ignorant Dictators Think the Problem is the South!
by: Khalid Osman

No, the National Islamic Front (NIF), the backbone of the recent dictatorial religious regime worked during the second military regime with Numeri to implement Sharia laws in 1983. Sharia laws were one of the reasons of the revolution.

Unfortunately, the PM in the false democratic period failed to carry on and fulfil national calls to cancel the Sharia laws and go back to the civil law of Sudan. However, they only excluded the south from Sharia laws. Those ignorant dictators think the problem is the South.

Their collective vision tells them since the North, the Centre, the West and the East are almost Muslims then, that means these regions will not object implementing the Sharia laws. As if, they did not read or know the reason of April revolution.

May 12, 2009
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I Read Sharia was Implemented in 1990's!
by: Lindsey O

Obviously you know a great deal more about the situation there than I could. When it comes to Sharia Law I was going by a number of internet sites which say that Sharia was implemented in Sudan back in the 1990's and one which I just saw which says that it was only instituted in the Northern part of the country.

Is it no longer used in any part of Sudan? I sincerely hope not. It is difficult to reconcile the needs of a multi-ethnic nation (as we here in the U.S. know So very well.)

May 12, 2009
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Politics is Very Complicated in Sudan!
by: Khalid Osman

You are right friend.

This is what the recent dictatorial regime says. As I said, the dictatorial regime is the root of the National Islamic Front (NIF). However, they influenced the second military dictator, Jafar al Numeri to implement Sharia laws in 1983. After the revolution in 1985, we tried hard in all trade unions to block them.

The PM in what we call the "third false democracy" failed in his obligations to bring civil laws back and enhance the legislative channels. So, Sharia laws continue in the country. Practically, the recent dictators have not implemented them in 1990 as the media sources say.

In fact, the National Islamic Front (NIF) trapped the PM. NIF wanted to say to the traditionally Muslim Sudanese people that the other two rightist parties are not up to being Muslims. They won many members from the two parties to gain the third power in the parliament. However, even NIF was using Islam to gain political and economical interests. We know them from inside and we know whether they are really Muslims or not.

Before the coup, I and other colleagues from different newspapers have been awaiting the PM late at night to ask him about the coup rumour. He denied the rumour and stressed on that his brother-in-law cannot do it. There are family relations between these two parties through a marriage of convenience.

To us in the rational block, that was massive deterioration to our nation-wide goals and even to our dreams.

May 12, 2009
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I Agree with Your Ideas!
by: Lindsey O

I just read the Sudanese portion of the hoa.politicalscene site. And I very much agree with the idea expressed that, "The civil traditional political parties washed the Sudanese people's brains. They played the major role of false religious domination to keep the Sudanese people under the poverty margin."

Organized religion has always been used as a tool to manipulate the population politically. Which is one of the reasons I believe we Americans need to fight so hard to keep our "wall of separation" between church and state.

Not only does religion corrupt government, but government corrupts the church. And each belongs firmly in its own sphere. And we have far too much religious meddling in government in the U.S., especially with regard to attempts to slip creationism into our science classrooms and "sin" laws still in place in some areas (such as those which prohibit the sale of alcohol or sex aids in a given county.)

As an atheist I would greatly prefer to live in a world without religion; however, that couldn't happen without violating the rights of believers. So my wish for all nations would be for all their citizens to have the right to freedom of belief and freedom of openly professing that belief while keeping all aspects of the government and the law firmly secular.

May 12, 2009
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No Constitution has Stated that Sudan is Arabic or Islamic State!
by: Khalid Osman

These are good political points indeed. However, I believe Sudan is not a Muslim nation. We do not have a national consensus to document this allegation until now.

I understood everything you have mentioned, Lindsey and I respect your point of view. I am a traditional Muslim but very secular when it comes to politics. I will never agree to force my beliefs on people through politics or wars like what happens in our miserable world.

Sudan has not instituted Sharia law. The same religious party that led the recent dictators to government through the 1989 coup has implemented the Sharia laws during the second military dictatorship in Sudan. The people of Sudan revolted against Sharia laws and against the crimes of the dictatorial regime in April 1985 and tumbled the dictatorial system.

I am speaking of that, we as Sudanese people we do not look to those who are in government as rulers of our country. They are thieves and they stole the political power by night. Therefore, there are no right legislations in Sudan. Their Sharia laws do not equal the ink they used to write them. Although most of the people are Muslims, they never indicated in any consensus, referendum, constitution that Sudan is Islamic, or Arabic State. We hear this but there is nothing made by a constitution in a democratic system.

That is simply because it is difficult to say this in a multi-ethnical state like Sudan and we do not want it to be. I mean not all those seculars want it to be because it is our homeland and we respect all religions, cultural backgrounds and beliefs that make up our cultures.

We are hurt too much by these false claims and we are hurt since 1956, the Independence Day. Therefore, we stand by all our force to defend our thoughts.

May 12, 2009
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Sudan's Population is About 70 to 80% Muslim
by: Lindsey O

Perhaps I misphrased that. And, of course, I only know what I have read about Sudan in news and books. What I understand is that Sudan's population is about 70 to 80% Muslim. Its President is Muslim.

The dominant political party does, I understand, get most of its support from the Muslim citizenry and factions. And from what I've read Sudan has instituted Sharia law. Those facts are why I would consider it to be a "Muslim nation" overall, and most other observers would as well.

Especially the institution of Sharia Law, which would never be instituted in a non-Muslim country. And I'm sure the situation is more complex than that - but I do believe that the religious (and cultural) issue is one of the main, and perhaps the main, reason that the Arab nations have formed a double standard with regard to Sudan.

I'll be interested to check out the other points you've made at the link you gave!

May 12, 2009
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The Problems in Darfur are Political!
by: Khalid Osman

The Problems are Political! They are Marginal Areas Problems!

Hi Lindsey,

These are absolutely good political points. Although the religion and the race are used to create many political problems in Sudan, we are looking to the problems as political problems. I believe Sudan is not a Muslim nation. We do not have a national consensus to document this allegation until now.

The religion and the race are exploited in the political case. The political problem in Darfur as in the rest of the regions in Sudan runs for a long time under what we call the marginal areas problems created by two kinds of dictatorships.

We do mean that, those political problems are results of long-time marginal areas problems created by two kinds of dictatorships.

The first one, which is well known, is the military dictatorship and the second, which absolutely shocks is the civil dictatorship.

Sudanese have different kinds of political parties most of which are working under alleged Islamic propagandas. However, they know very well, the religion is not a matter to consider in a multi-ethnical state like Sudan.

I have of course written many of these points of views at the HOA Political Scene.

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